Value Theory (Axiology)

List of Readings

Boettke, Peter J.
Boettke, Peter J. (ed.). The Elgar Companion to Austrian Economics . Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, England,1994.

Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen von
Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen von. “The Austrian Economists,” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science . Vol. 1, 1891, pp. 361-384.
Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen von. Capital and Interest . Compilation of original publications in 1884, 1889 amd 1909, trans.George D. Huncke and Hans F. Sennholz. South Holland: Libertarian Press, 1959.

Brentano, Franz
Brentano, Franz. Psychology From an Empirical Standpoint . Original publication 1874, trans. L.L. McAlister.London: Routledge & Kegal Paul, 1973.
Brentano, Franz . The Origin of Our Knowledge of Right and Wrong . Original publication 1889, trans. RoderickM. Chisholm and Elizabeth H. Schneewind. New York: Humanities Press, 1969.
Brentano, Franz. The True and the Evident . Original publication 1930, trans. R.M. Chisholm. London: Routledge& Kegal Paul, 1961.

Correas, Carlos I. Massini
Correas, Carlos I. Massini. La Falacia de la Falacia Naturalista . Mendoza, Argentina: Editorial Idearium de laUniversidad de Mendoza, 1995.

Chisholm, Roderick M.
Chisholm, Roderick M. Brentano and Meinong Studies . Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1982.
Chisholm, Roderick M. Person and Object: A Metaphysical Study . London: Allen and Unwin, 1976.

Crespo, Ricardo F.
Crespo, Ricardo F. La Economía como Ciencia Moral . Ediciones de la Universidad Católica Argentina, 1997.

Cubeddu, Raimondo
Cubeddu, Raimondo. The Philosophy of the Austrian School . Trans. Rachel M. Costa. New York: Routledge,1993.

Czezowski, Tadeusz
Czezowski, Tadeusz. “Ethics as an Empirical Discipline”. Original publication 1989, trans.Czeslaw Porebski in Polish Value Theory . Joint publication of the Cracow Academy of Economics and theJaggiellonian University, 1996, pp. 121-128.

Dewey, John
Dewey, John. Theory of Valuation . Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1939.

Duncker, K.
Duncker, K. “On Pleasure, Emotion, and Striving”. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research . Vol. 1, 1941, pp. 391-430.

Dziemidok, Bohdan
Dziemidok, Bohdan. “Ingarden's Theory of Values and the Evaluation of the Work of Art “. On the Aesthetics of Roman Ingarden, (eds.) B. Dziemidok and P. McCormick. Boston:Academic Publishers, 1989.

Eaton, Howard O.
Eaton, Howard O. The Austrian Philosophy of Value . Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1930.

Ehrenfels, Christian von
Ehrenfels, Christian von. “On Gestalt Qualities”. Original publication 1890, trans. Barry Smithin Foundations of Gestalt Theory, (ed.) Barry Smith. München: Philosophia Verlag, 1988.
Ehrenfels, Christian von. “The Ethical Theory of Value”. International Journal of Ethics . Vol. 6, 1896, pp. 371-384.
Ehrenfels, Christian von. “Werttheorie und Ethik”. Vierteljahrschrift für wissenschaftliche Philosophie . Vol. 17, 1893, and Vol. 18, 1894.

Fabian, R.
Fabian, R. Leben und Wirken von Christian von Ehrenfels . Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1986.

Findlay, J.N.
Findlay, J.N. Meinong's Theory of Objects and Values . London: Clarendon, 1963.

Gilbert, Margaret
Gilbert, Margaret. On Social Facts . Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Golaszewska, Maria
Golaszewska, Maria. “Aesthetic Values in Ingarden's System of Philosophy”. Roman Ingarden and Contemporary Polish Aesthetics . Warszawa: Polish Scientific Publishers,1975.

Gracia, Jorge J.E.
Gracia, Jorge J.E. “El Valor Como Cualidad Relacional”. Dianoia Anuario de Filosofía . Año XIX, Núm 19, 1973, pp. 173-178.
Gracia, Jorge J.E. “The Ontological Status of Value”. The Modern Schoolman . Vol. LIII, No. 4, May 1976, pp. 393-397.

Grassl, Wolfgang
Grassl, Wolfgang. “Christian von Ehrenfels als Werttheoretiker” in Philosophie Schriften . R. Fabian (ed.). München: Philosophia Verlag, 1982.
Grassl, Wolfgang and Barry Smith (eds.). Austrian Economics . New York: New York University Press, 1986.

Frondizi, Risieri
Frondizi, Risieri. “Value as a Gestalt Quality”. The Journal of Value Inquiry . Vol. VI, No. 3, Fall 1972, pp. 163-184.
Frondizi, Risieri. What is Value? . LaSalle, IL: Open Court Publishing, 1971.

Hartmann, Nicolai
Hartmann, Nicolai. Ethics . Original publication 1926, trans. Staton Coit. New York: Allen & Unwin, 1932.

Hayek, Friedrich A. von
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. Individualism and Economic Order . Original publication 1948. Chicago: University of ChicagoPress, 1980.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. “Three Sources of Human Values”, Law, Legislation and Liberty . Vol. III. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1973.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. New Studies in Philosophy, Politics, Economics and the History of Ideas . Chicago: Universityof Chicago Press, 1978.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. Prices and Production . Original publication 1931. New York: Augustus M. Kelly Publishers,1967.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. Profits, Interest and Investment . Original publication 1939. Clifton: Augustus M. KellyPublishers, 1975.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. “Rules, Perception, and Intelligibility”. Proceedings of the British Academy . Vol. 48, 1962, pp. 321-344.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. The Fatal Conceit . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. The Sensory Order . Original publication 1952. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1976.

Heider, Fritz
Heider, Fritz. “Gestalt Theory: Early History and Reminiscences”. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences . Vol. 6, 1970, pp. 131-139.

Hull, Richard T.
Hull, Richard T. “Why be moral? A retort to a response to a reply .“. The Journal of Value Inquiry . Vol. 30, No. 1-4, 1997.

Hume, David
Hume, David. Essays Moral, Political and Literary . Original publication 1777 as vol. 1 of Essays andTreatises on Several Subjects. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1985.

Husserl, Edmund
Husserl, Edmund. Logical Investigations . Original publication 1900-1901, 2 nd ed. Trans. J.N. Findlay. London: Routledge, 1970.

Ingarden, Roman
Ingarden, Roman. “Artistic and Aesthetic Values”. Selected Papers in Aesthetics . München: Philosophia Verlag, 1985, pp. 91-106.
Ingarden, Roman. “On Moral Action”. Analecta Husserliana . Vol. VII: The Human Being In Action, The Irreducible Element in Man,Part II, pp. 151-162.
Ingarden, Roman. Man and Value . Trans. Arthus Szylewicz. München: Philosophia Verlag, 1983.
Ingarden, Roman. Ontology of the Work of Art . Athens: Ohio University Press, 1989.
Ingarden, Roman. Selected Papers in Aesthetics, (ed.) P.J. McCormick. München: Catholic University Press,1985.
Ingarden, Roman. The Literary Work of Art . Original publication 1931. Evanston: Northwestern University Press,1973.
Ingarden, Roman. “Aesthetic Experience and Aesthetic Object”. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research . Vol. 21, 1960, pp. 289-313.

Kant, Immanuel
Kant, Immanuel. The Critique of Judgment . Original publication 1790, trans. James Meredith. Oxford: ClarendonPress, 1968.

Kaufmann, Felix
Kaufmann, Felix. “Do Synthetic Propositions A Priori Exist in Economics?“. Economica . N.S. 4, 1937, pp. 337-342.

Kraus, Oskar
Kraus, Oskar. Die Werttheorien: Geschichte und Kritik . Rohrer Brünn, 1937.

Lewis, Clarence Irving
Lewis, Clarence Irving. An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation . LaSalle: Open Court, 1946.

Lotze, Hermann
Lotze, Hermann. Metaphysic . Original publication 1841, trans. Bernard Bosanquet. Oxford: Clarendon Press,1887.
Lotze, Hermann. “Über den Begriff der Schönheit”. Original publication 1845, David Peipers(ed.). Leipzig: Kleinere Schriften I, 1885.
Lotze, Hermann. “Über Bedingungen der Kunstschönheit”. Original publication 1847, David Peipers(ed.). Leipzig: Kleinere Schriften II, 1886.

Lüthe, Rudolf
Lüthe, Rudolf. “Objectivism or Decisionism? A Critical Interpretation of Ingarden's Value TheoryFrom an Ingardenian Point of View”. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology . Vol. 9, No. 2, May 1978, pp. 82-91.

McAlister, Linda L.
McAlister, Linda L. (ed.). The Philosophy of Brentano . Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 1976.

McCloskey, Donald M.
McCloskey, Donald M. The Rhetoric of Economics . Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.

Meinong, Alexius
Meinong, Alexius. “The Theory of Objects”. Original publication 1904, in R.M. Chrisholm (ed.), Realism and the Background of Phenomenology . The Free Press, 1960, pp. 76-117.
Meinong, Alexius. “Über Werthaltung und Wert”. Archiv für systematische Philosophie . Vol. I, 1895, pp. 327-346.

Menger, Carl
Menger, Carl. Principles of Economics . Original publication 1871, trans. James Dingwall and Bert F.Hoselitz. New York: New York University Press, 1976.
Manger, Carl. Problems of Economics and Sociology . Original publication 1883, trans. Francis J. Nock,University of Illinois, Urbana, 1963. Also reprinted as Investigations into the Method of the Social Sciences with special reference to Economics .New York: New York University Press, 1985.

Mises, Ludwig von
Mises, Ludwig von. Epistemological Problems of Economics . New York: New York University Press, 1981.
Mises, Ludwig von. Liberalism . Trans. Ralph Raico, The Foundation for Economic Education, Inc. New York:Irvington-on-Hudson, 1996.
Mises, Ludwig von. Human Action . Original publication 1949. Chicago: Contemporary Books Inc., 1963.
Mises, Ludwig von. Socialism . Original publication 1951, trans. J. Kahane. Indianapolis: Liberty Classics, 1981.
Mises, Ludwig von. The Theory of Money and Credit. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1981.
Mises, Ludwig von . The Ultimate Foundation of Economic Science . Kansas City: Sheed Andres and McMeel, Inc.,Subsidiary of Universal Press Syndicate, 1962.

Moore, G.E.
Moore, G.E. Principia Ethica . Original publication 1902. Buffalo, New York: Prometheus Books, 1988.

Mulligan, Kevin
Mulligan, Kevin. “Promisings and Other Social Acts: Their Constituents and Structure”. Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the Foundations of Realist Phenomenology . Dordrecht:Reidel, 1987.
Mulligan, Kevin (ed.). Mind, Meaning, and Metaphysics: The Philosophy and Theory of Language of Anton Marty .Dordrecht: Nijhoff, 1990.
Mulligan, Kevin, Peter M. Simons and Barry Smith. “Truth-Makers”. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research . Vol. 44, 1984, pp. 287-321.

Nishiyama, Chiaki, and Kurt R. Leube
Nishiyama, Chiaki, and Kurt R. Leube (eds.). The Essence of Hayek . Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1984.

Novak, M.
Novak, M. “A Key to Aristotle's 'Substance' “. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 24, 1963-64, pp. 1-19.

Nyíri, J.C.
Nyíri, J.C (ed.). Austrian Philosophy: Studies and Texts . Munich: Philosophia, 1981.
Nyíri, J.C. (ed). From Bolzano to Wittgenstein: The Tradition of Austrian Philosophy . Vienna:Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1986.

Ossowska, Maria
Ossowska, Maria. Social Determinants of Moral Ideas . The University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970.
Ossowska, Maria. “The Problem of Universal Moral Standards”, in Social Determinants of Moral Ideas . The University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970, pp.109-123.

Perry, Ralph Barton
Perry, Ralph Barton. “A Theory of Value Defended “. Journal of Philosophy . Vol. XXVVIII, 1931, pp. 449-460.
Perry, Ralph Barton. “Dewey and Urban on Value Judgments”. Journal of Philosophy . Vol. XVI, 1917, pp. 169-181.
Perry, Ralph Barton. “Economic Value and Moral Value”. Quarterly Journal of Economics . Vol. XXX, 1916, pp. 443-485.
Perry, Ralph Barton. General Theory of Value . New York, 1926.
Perry, Ralph Barton. Realms of Value . Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1954.
Perry, Ralph Barton. “The Definition of Value”. Journal of Philosophy . Vol. XI, 1914, pp. 141-162.
Perry, Ralph Barton. “Value and Worth”. Journal of Philosophy . Vol. XIX, 1922, pp. 477-489.
Porebski, Czeslaw
Porebski, Czeslaw. Polish Value Theory . Uniwersytet Jaggiellonski. Cracow: Joint Publication of the CracowAcademy of Economics and the Jaggiellonian University, 1996.

Reinach, Adolf
Reinach, Adolf. “The A Priori Foundations of the Civil Law”. Original publication 1913, trans.John F. Crosby in Aletheia . Vol. III, 1983, pp. 2-142.

Rickert, Heinrich
Rickert, Heinrich. “Von System der Werte”. Logos . Vol. IV, 1913.

Rothbard, Murray N.
Rothbard, Murray N. “In Defense of 'Extreme Apriorism'”. Southern Economic Journal . Vol. 23, 1957, pp. 315-320.
Rothbard, Murray N. The Ethics of Liberty . Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press, 1982.

Scheler, Max
Scheler, Max. Formalism in Ethics and Non-Formal Ethics of Value . Original publication 1913-16, trans. M.S.Frings and R.L. Funk. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1973.
Scheler, Max. The Nature of Sympathy . Original publication 1923, trans. P. Heath. London: Routledge, 1954.
Scheler, Max. Vom Umsturz der Werte . Leipzig: Der Neue Geist, 1919.

Searle, John R.
Searle, John R. Intentionality . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Searle, John R. Minds, Brains and Science . Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1984.
Searle, John R. The Construction of Social Reality . New York: The Free Press, 1995.

Shearmur, Jeremy
Shearmur, Jeremy. Hayek and After . New York: Routledge, 1996.

Skolimowski, Henryk
Skolimowski, Henryk. Polish Analytic Philosophy . London: Humanities Press, 1967.

Simon, Peter M.
Simon, Peter M. Parts: An Essay in Ontology . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Smith, Barry
Smith, Barry . Austrian Philosophy, The Legacy of Franz Brentano . Chicago: Open Court, 1994.
Smith, Barry (ed.). Foundations of Gestalt Theory . Wien: Philosophia Verlag, 1988.
Smith, Barry (ed . ) . Parts and Moments: Studies in Logic and Formal Ontology . München: Philosophia Verlag, 1982.
Smith, Barry. “The Theory of Value of Christian von Ehrenfels”. Amsterdam: Leben und Werk,1986.
Smith, Barry and David Woodruff Smith (eds .). The Cambridge Companion to Husserl . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Stolnitz, Jerome
Stolnitz, Jerome. “Of the Origins of Aesthetic Disinterestedness”. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism. Vol. 20, Winter 1961, pp. 131-143.
Stolnitz, Jerome. “On the Significance of Lord Shaftesbury in Modern Aesthetic Theory”. Philosophical Quarterly . Vol. 11, 1961, pp. 97-113.

Tatarkiewicz, Wladyslaw
Tatarkiewicz, Wladyslaw. History of Aesthetics . Warszawa: Polish Scientific Publishers, 1970.

Urban, Wilbur M.
Urban, Wilbur M. “Ontological Problems of Value “. Journal of Philosophy . Vol. XIV, 1917, pp. 309-327.
Urban, Wilbur M. Valuation: Its Nature and Laws . London: S. Sonnenschein & Co., Ltd., 1909.

Werkmeister, William H.
Werkmeister, William H . Historical Spectrum of Value Theories . Lincoln, Nebraska: Johnsen Publishing Company, 1970.
Werkmeister, William H. The Theories of Ethics . Lincoln, Nebraska: Johnsen Publishing Company, 1961.
Wieser, Friedrich von
Wieser, Friedrich von. Social Economics . Trans. A. Ford Hinrichs. New York: Greenberg, 1927.
Wieser, Friedrich von. Natural Value . Trans. Christian A. Malloch. New York: Kelly & Millman, 1956.

Witasek, Stephan
Witasek, Stephan. Grundzüge der allgemeinen Ästhetik . Leipzig: Barth, 1904.

Wojtyla, Karol
Wojtyla, Karol. (John Paul II) Centesimus Annus (On the Hundredth Anniversary of Rerum Novarum), Encyclical Letter, May 1,1991.
Wojtyla, Karol. (John Paul II) The Acting Person, trans. Andrzej Potocki. Boston: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1979.

Zelaniec, Wojciech
Zelaniec, Wojciech. The Recalcitrant Synthetic A Priori . Lublin: Artom, 1996.

Zúñiga, Gloria L.
Zúñiga, Gloria L. “An Ontology of Economic Objects,” The American Journal of Economics and Sociology . Vol. 58, No. 2. April 1999, pp. 299-312.
Zúñiga, Gloria L. “Truth in Economic Subjectivism,” Journal of Markets and Morality . Vol. 1, No. 2, October 1998, pp. 158-168.