In what some have chosen to call a post-Christian age, new manifestations of pre-Christian longings for communion with God have arisen. This section will examine the many different theologies found within the eco-spirituality movement, ranging from Gnosticism and neo-paganism to Deep Ecology and pantheism (the Gaia Hypothesis). It will also look at alternative Christian understandings of the place for the human person in the natural order.
Today, the perennial struggle to understand one's relation to the environment and how this affects one's spiritual being takes many forms. Robert A. Sirico traces the historical roots of this struggle and evaluates different spiritual movements in the light of ancient truths, clarifying modern arguments and critiquing their application. Bringing conversation to the real issues of the subject, Sirico introduces some fundamental arguments for a genuine environmental spirituality.